He became a member of the united church of god in 2005. If the christian gospel centers in the triune god, why spend time with a new testament book that does not mention the holy spirit. Jamess epistle is really cluded that the author must have been a right strawy epistle, compared to some good, pious man, who took a few these others, for it has nothing of the sayings from the disciples of the apostles nature of the gospel about it. It is a welldocumented fact that martin luther is quoted as having said that the book of the new testament called james was an epistle of straw. It is clear that martin luther himself was an antisemite by the end of his life, says jochen birkenmeier research director and. Martin luther was born to hans luder or ludher, later luther and his wife margarethe nee lindemann on 10 november 1483 in eisleben, county of mansfeld in the holy roman empire. James epistle is really an epistle of strawfor it has nothing of the nature of the gospel about it luther, m. A paragraphbyparagraph analysis of luthers preface to the epistle of james. A brief evaluation of his statement on the basis of his own exegesis.
James makes it clear that a persons works are important to his salvation, because he states that faith without works is dead. The recovery of james after martin luther derek cooper derek cooper, ph. One the most popular quotations from luther is the infamous epistle of straw remark, directed at the canonicity of the book of james. Pauls epistles, especially romans, galatians, and ephesians, and st. Scholarships singular concentration on luther s criticism of james as an epistle of straw has caused many to overlook luther s sermons on james, the many places where james comes to full expression in luther s writings, and the influence that luther s biblical interpretation had on later interpretations of james. Its often said that luther was so opposed to the book of james that he suggested it didnt belong in the biblical canon. In the protestant world today, perceptions of james are heavily influenced by the thinking of martin luther, who saw jamess new testament letter as an epistle of straw, not worthy to be considered part of scripture. It is usually brought forth as proof one must believe an infallible church authored an infallible list of infallible books. The image of straw recalls the pauline metaphor of wood. I am sure that sincere believers have been blessed by all editions of this great work, but if you are a fan of martin luther s passion and doctrine, i recommend reading the fullest version of this version you can find. Luther says james is really an epistle of straw compared to st. Wengert f or lutherans, james, of all biblical books, isto paraphrase george orwellless equal than others. But then i went to college, took some religion courses, studied martin luther, and somehow being james was no longer so cool.
Martin luther, founder of the protestant reformation, referred to the book of james as an epistle of straw. Martin luther 14831546 martin luther november 10, 1483 february 18, 1546 was a christian theologian and augustinian monk whose teachings inspired the protestant reformation and deeply influenced the doctrines of protestant and other christian traditions. Therefore st james epistle is really an epistle of straw, compared to these others, for it has nothing of the nature of the gospel about it. James epistle is really an epistle of straw, for it has nothing of the nature of the gospel about it. Apr 02, 2014 the great protestant reformer, martin luther, infamously referred to the book of james as an epistle of straw in his preface to the german new testament. Feb 14, 2010 no, that is a common misunderstanding, but the luther bible had the same books as the catholic bible, although he did put the apocryphal works in a separate section luther was vocal in his criticism of several of the books, particularly james which he called an epistle of straw, but he did not remove any books. A look at the most frequently used luther quote on his view of the canon, and luthers subsequent retraction. He criticizes the book of james martin luther, preface to the new testament, 1522. Perhaps none of martin luthers writings on the bible are as harsh as what he wrote about the revelation of jesus christ revelation 1. Jun, 20 luther famously referred to the book of james as an epistle of straw, purportedly because of its lackluster portrayal of the gospel and the ease with which it might be used to foster doctrines of worksrighteousness. Were james and paul at odds over the intent and application of jesus teachings. James epistle is really an epistle of straw, compared to these others, for it has nothing of the nature of the gospel about it.
No single biblical book or apostolic epistle not even romans tells the whole story on its own, or provides all the essential details. Luther famously referred to the book of james as an epistle of straw, purportedly because of its lackluster portrayal of the gospel and the ease with which it might be used to foster doctrines of worksrighteousness. Martin luther was openly critical of james, and he wondered whether the epistle belonged in our bibles. Martin luther changed andor discounted 18 books of the bible. Martin luthers hostility to the book of james is wellknown, and ive mentioned it in other contexts, but i wanted to consider today the implications for the lutheran view of justification, at the heart of the reformation and of modern catholicprotestant disputes. Greg sanny is from a small town in iowa where he was active in sports. Martin luther was born in 1483 in the town of eisleben, germany. This video, however, claimed that martin luther had his eyes on the gospels before his peers told him to stop. Easily share your publications and get them in front of issuus. What the bible says about james called epistle of straw. Jamess epistle is really a right strawy epistle, compared to these others, for it has nothing of the nature of the gospel about it.
What martin luther said about james though this epistle of st. What does the epistle of straw represent in the bible. Did martin luther really want james taken out of the bible. He is the author of so youre thinking about going to seminary brazos and the volume editor of 12 samuel, 12. He removed the so called apocrypha and also took exception with esther, james, hebrews, jude, and revelation source. Does martin luthers belief that the book of james was an epistle of straw weaken our understanding concerning luthers belief in the bibles inspiration, inerrancy, and authority. Heres the full context of luthers evaluation from his preface to the new testament.
In fact, luther positioned not only james at the end of the german bible but also hebrews, jude, and revelation. Six points on luthers epistle of straw james white. Martin luther s description of the epistle of james changes. It is well known that luther deemed it impossible to harmonize the two apostles in this article, and characterized the epistle of james as an epistle of straw, because it had no evangelical character keine evangelische art. And his criterion was that they lacked evangelical purity. Martin luther called the book of james an epistle of straw. What is less well known or talked about, is that luther also praised the book of james in the same preface. James was rejected by the ancients, i praise it and hold it a good book, because it sets up no doctrine of men and lays great stress upon gods law. Luther s biggest issue with the book of james was that it.
Oct 29, 2017 did martin luther influence nazi antisemitism. Luther and the epistle of straw the calvinist international. Belief in this teaching was one of the major reasons why martin luther rejected the book of james. Oct 30, 2017 heretic martin luther says the book of james is an epistle of straw. Apr 03, 2007 comments off on six points on luthers epistle of straw six points on luthers epistle of straw almost five hundred years after the fact, roman catholics still scrutinize martin luther. Also irritated with the complex symbolism of the book of revelation, he once said that it too, was not canon, and that it should be thrown into the river.
Martin luther did not like the book and felt that it interfered with his basic protestant premise of sola fidethat one is justified by faith alone. Martin luther exposed, evil quotes, outrageous actions of luther. Jamess short epistle is a call to christian action, to living out the gospel we profess, not just believing it. Martin luther and the epistle of straw kathy schiffer. In fact, luther referred to the book of james as an epistle of straw. But the man who started the protestant reformation, the famous martin luther, said just that. I remember as a boy in sunday school and confirmation classes being quite proud of having the same name as a book of the bible. Herbert armstrong frequently cited the epistle of james as proof that the basic protestant premise of sola fide was incorrect. Was luther justified in calling james an epistle of straw. It briefly discussed martin luther and his exceptions with certain books.
It really is amazing how frequently this citation appears. Luther was also frustrated by the worksemphasis of the book of james, calling it the epistle of straw, and questioning its canonicity. He is known for nailing his 95 theses to the door of a catholic church on halloween in 1517. Finding jesus in the book of james banner of truth usa. Martin luthers description of the epistle of james changes.
After a stint in the us marines he eventually made his way to arkansas. Martin luther and the book of james shameless popery. May 01, 2017 the book of james, which martin luther called the epistle of straw holds a special place in the hearts of those who follow my anabaptist tradition, because it emphasizes treating people well and continues the gospel tradition of gods bias for t. In fact, luther referred to the book of james as an epistle of straw and sought unsuccessfully to have the entire book removed from sacred scripture. Sep 15, 2015 martin luther and the epistle of straw. Preus a lutheran of the elca and old alc repeated the epistle of straw argument in his book two trajectories, p. Issuu is a digital publishing platform that makes it simple to publish magazines, catalogs, newspapers, books, and more online. Heretic martin luther says the book of james is an epistle. At this point, philip watsons edition is my favorite king james english. Those just learning it should not be surprised when they read it, though. Did martin luther take exception to the gospels in any way. His hope was that the church would change some of its practices and doctrines he felt were not right. Contrast that with the report in my part 3 pointing out that dr.126 61 348 519 979 1332 1335 404 1535 538 1375 620 656 959 516 1543 639 473 361 1172 1122 1209 655 1476 177 1169 348 657 631 1152 58 131